SIO 210: Introduction to Physical Oceanography
Fall 2015

Instructors: Lynne Talley and Myrl Hendershott
TAs: Jessica Masich and Jose 'Alfredo' Giron Nava (course TAs), Jonathan Eliashiv (Math tutorial)
Time: Monday (All), Wednesday (Section 1), Friday (Section 2) 2:003:20
Location: Vaughan 100


Equatorial Pacific SST, courtesy of NOAA
UCSD TED site for SIO 210
Course Overview
Physical description of the sea; physical properties of seawater, methods
and measurements, boundary processes, regional oceanography. Prerequisites:
the mathematics and physics required for admission to the graduate curriculum
in the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, or consent of the instructor.
Since math courses might have been taken many years ago for some students,
please check this math concept
link, and attend the math tutorials if
you want a refresher.
The course url is
http://wwwpord.ucsd.edu/~ltalley/sio210. The notes and figures
are background for the coursework. They are evolving and informal. They
may not be used for other purposes without permission. Figures from copyrighted
sources include the reference.
The class is divided into two sections: Section 1 (more descriptive approach), and Section 2 (more dynamical approach). Students should attend two lectures per week: Monday (for all) and either Wednesday (Section 1) or Friday (Section 2), which will cover the same material as Wednesday but with a more dynamical approach if appropriate. All students are welcome to attend all lectures. All graded work will be the same for both sections.
Lecture links: until just prior to lecture, the link is likely to be the 2014 content
Sep. 28:
Introduction, scales of motion
and Physical Properties of Seawater I
Sep. 30, Oct. 2:
Physical Properties of Seawater II and III
Oct. 19 [originally Oct. 5]:
Dynamics I Advection/Transports/Budgets
and Typical distributions I
Oct. 21, 23 [originally Oct. 7,9]: Typical distributions II; and Dynamics II Equations of motion, nonrotating
Oct. 12 (all students): Waves [Myrl Hendershott]
Oct. 14 (all students):
Tsunamis [Myrl Hendershott]
Oct. 16 (all students):
Tides [Myrl Hendershott]
Oct. 26 [originally Oct. 19]: Observational tools and Data analysis methods
Oct. 28, 30 [originally Oct. 21, 23]: Data analysis methods; and Dynamics III: Rotation
Nov. 2: Midterm (inclass, in Sumner auditorium)
Nov. 4, 6 [originally Oct. 26]: Atmospheric circulation; and Dynamics IV: Geostrophy
Nov. 9 [originally Oct. 28, 30]: Dynamics IV (continued) Geostrophy; and Dynamics V: Friction, Ekman layers
Nov. 11, 13 [originally Nov. 4, 6]: Eddies, Rossby waves;
Nov. 16: Dynamics VI: Potential vorticity, beta effect, Rossby waves and
Pacific Ocean  winddriven circulation
Nov. 18, 20: Atlantic, Indian upper ocean circulation; Dynamics VII: Sverdrup balance, western boundary currents
Nov. 23: Eastern boundary currents; and Dynamics VIII: eastern boundary currents
Nov. 25 (single lecture): Equatorial circulation and ENSO; and Dynamics IX: Equatorial circulation and oceanatmosphere feedbacks
Nov. 27 (Thanksgiving holiday)
Nov. 30: Atlantic Ocean deep circulation; and Dynamics X: Thermohaline circulation
Dec. 2: Southern Ocean circulation
and Global circulation
Dec. 4 (both sections): Global circulation (continued) and Climate and the oceans
Dec. 9: Final exam (36 PM)
Assignments
Problem Set 1, Due Oct. 19
Problem Set 2, Due Oct. 30
Problem Set 2 Answer Key
Problem Set 3, Due Nov. 25
Problem Set 3 Answer Key
Problem Set 4, Due Dec. 9 (Turn in Dec. 5 for weekend grading; turn in early Dec. 7 for Monday grading)
Short paper, data project or tank experiment.
Topic due Oct. 26, JOA project or paper due Nov. 23, tank experiments ongoing.
Choose between:
(1) critique of a published paper (written report),
(2) data project using Java Ocean Atlas, with Jim Swift and Jessica Masich (individual or group presentation, written report). Letter from Jim Swift regarding JOA
(3) tank experiment (group presentation, written report),
Read this: Guidelines (2015) for tank experiments
http://paoc.mit.edu/labguide/projects.html
The accompanying textbook is
Marshall, J. and Plumb, R. A., 2007.
Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: An Introductory Text, Elsevier
Tutorials: times suggested, to be finalized on first day of class
Course material tutorials (alternating Jess Masich, Alfredo Giron and Lynne Talley)
Section 1 (less mathematical): Thursday's 2:003:00 Hubbs 4500 (Alfredo Giron)
Section 2 (more mathematical): Friday's 1112 Vaughan 300 (Jess Masich)
Math tutorial
(click this link to look at list of math concepts): Monday's 1112, Ritter 229. (Jonathan Eliashiv)
Useful math link:
Wolfram MathWorld
Any basic calculus textbook is helpful. Wikipedia is surprisingly good for calculus as well.
Grading
Percentages: Final exam (40), midterm exam (20), paper (12), each of 4 assignments (7)
Primary texts  online
Other relevant texts (* = hard copy reserves available at SIO department)
Most useful for everyone:

*Atmosphere, Ocean, and Climate Dynamics: an Introductory Text by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb, Elsevier, 2007. (For all tank experiment groups.)
 Introduction
to Physical Oceanography. by Robert Stewart. This is an open source, online text
only, which includes a printable pdf and cover. The pdf version is the most uptodate.
 Regional
Oceanography: An Introduction. by Matthias Tomczak and Stuart Godfrey.
Introductory level:
 Ocean Circulation. Open University Press, Pergamon.
 Invitation to Oceanography by Paul Pinet, Jones and Bartlett Learning, 2011.
Online study tools.
 UCAR MetEd online course, including unit on currents.
You will have to register, but it's free.
More advanced dynamical treatments:

Introduction to Geophysical Fluid Dynamics by Benoit CushmanRoisin, Elsevier, 2011.

*Atmospheric and Oceanic Fluid Dynamics by Geoff Vallis, Cambridge University Press, 2006.

Fluid Mechanics (5th edition) by P. Kundu, I.M. Cohen, D. R. Dowling, Elsevier, 2012.
AtmosphereOcean Dynamics by Adrian Gill, Academic Press, 1982.
pdf of Appendix 2 (properties of seawater)

Introduction to Physical Oceanography by John Knauss

Ocean Circulation and Climate: observing and modelling the global ocean. Ed. G. Siedler, J. Church and J. Gould, Academic Press, 2001.

Ocean Circulation and Climate  A 21st Century Perspective. Ed. G. Siedler, S.M. Griffies, J. Gould and J.A. Church, Elsevier, 2013.
Other online resources
Contact Information
Lynne Talley; Nierenberg Hall 307; 5346610 Home Page
ltalley at ucsd.edu
Myrl Hendershott; CCS Bldg 303; 5343208
mhendershott at ucsd.edu
Jim Swift (JOA projects); Isaacs Hall 306; 5343387
jswift at ucsd.edu
Jessica Masich, Teaching Assistant; jemillar at ucsd.edu
Jose Alfredo Giron Nava, Teaching Assistant; jgironna at ucsd.edu
Jonathan Eliashiv, Math tutor; jeliashiv at gmail.com
Last modified: 29 Nov. 2015